In this lesson students will first be introduced to the overall function of the skeletal system. They will then look at the form and function of the human vertebral column. It will allow students to work hands-on with the vertebrae. Students will observe the regions of the vertebral column and understand their purpose and function. Students will also assemble the vertebrae on their own, according to region. Students will then observe vertebral abnormalities and take a virtual field trip to a chiropractic museum.
1. Function or the Vertebral Column a. protects spinal cord b. structure and support to maintain upright posture c. attachment for pelvic and pectoral girdles d. supports rib cage e. transmits body weight while walking and standing f. vertebral foramen to house the spinal cord g. body to support the weight of the vertebrae above h. processes for muscle attachment 2. Cervical Region a. C1-C7 b. C1 and C2 (atlas and axis) for head movement c. helps support head with musculature d. largest vertebral foramen e. smallest body and processes 3. Thoracic Region a. T1-T12 b. supports rib cage c. smaller vertebral foramen d. larger body e. only one with rib facets 4. Lumbar Region a. L1-L5 b. supports entire upper body c. smallest foramen d. largest body and processes 5. Sacrum a. S1-S5 fused b. protects pelvic organs c. attachment point for femur head 6. Coccyx a. Co1-Co3 fused b. vestigial tailbone c. vestigial - an organ or part of the body that has atrophied over evolutionary time and has become functionless 7. Intervertebral discs a. fibrocartilage pads found btwn the body of vertebrae b. cushions c. acts as a shock absorber during walking, jumping and running d. helps with spine flexion and extension 8. 4 normal curvatures a. 4 normal curvatures in spine b. increase resilience and flexibility c. thoracic and sacral - convex, born with them d. cervical and lumbar - concave, develop within a year 9. abnormal curvatures or structure a. scoliosis 1. abnormal lateral curvature 2. birth defects, unequal muscle pull b. kyphosis 1. exaggerated thoracic curvature 2. hunchback 3. osteoporosis c. lordosis 1. exaggerated lumbar curvature 2. potbelly 3. weight gain, pregnancy d. spina bifida 1. birth defect 2. vertebrae fail to close properly in utero 3. spinal cord tissue or nerves could protrude 4. may lead to paralysis 10. Palmer College of Chiropractic a. est in 1897 by Daniel David Palmer, founder of chiropractic medicine b. first and largest school of chiropractic medicine in the word c. houses a Chiropractic History Museum